Freckles are generally seen on the face and arms of people with light or fair complexion. They can be described as round, dark, flat spots that are about 2mm – 4mm in size. This is not any serious medical condition, it does not affect your health, but it definitely does affect your appearance, and possibly even your confidence. If you too are suffering from this problem, then naturally you would want to learn some remedies to bid goodbye to these sun’s kisses, but before that, let us get to know what are the causes behind these freckles.
What causes freckles?
People (more often those with fair skin) who expose their skin to be tanned, or spend long hours out in the sun, can get freckles easily. Also, people who have a thin layer of skin, or those who have red or light hair can get freckles. They generally start appearing right before one reaches puberty. Some of the most common causes behind formation of these spots are solar effect, some types of liver infections, and genetic inheritance.
How are freckles formed?
The epidermis layer of our skin has two kinds of cells – Keratinocytes and Melanocytes. Keratinocytes are those cells that create a protective outer layer, and melanocytes are those that produce melanin or the skin pigment. The concentration of our skin pigment or melanin decides what kind of complexion we shall have. Doses of melanin are sent by the melanocytes to keratinocytes, which keeps our skin protected from solar radiations. However, when a fair-skinned person is exposed to solar radiations for long durations, then the melanocytes is damaged, resulting in imbalance of melanin on the surface of our skin. This abnormality makes its appearance felt in the form of freckles.
5 home remedies to treat freckles
Various ointments are available in the market that ensures to get you rid of these ugly brown spots, but they may or may not produce great results, and can also bring about side effects. So, let us get to learn 5 ways to get rid of freckles naturally and safely.
1. Lemon Juice
Lemon juice is a natural bleaching agent that you can directly apply on your freckles, and they will fade away with time.
All you need to do is take out some lemon juice in a bowl, and using a cotton ball, apply the juice on the affected area, and gently massage it. Let it stay for about 10 – 15 minutes, and then wash off with lukewarm water. Follow the treatment twice a day to see desired results. Even though this remedy is sure to show great results, but never step out in the sun after following the treatment. Lemon juice increases skin sensitivity, and if you go out in the sun, post the treatment, it will do you more harm than good.
2. Sour Cream
Sour cream contains lactic acid that can help you get rid of those brown patches. Just apply some sour cream on the affected areas, and allow it stay on your skin until it dries completely. Now, do not wash your face, and instead wipe off the sour cream with a soft towel or tissue. The lactic acid present in sour cream will remove the upper layer of the skin, and lighten the freckles without causing skin irritation or dryness.
You should use this remedy once every day. If you do not have sour cream, you can also use yogurt in its place, it will show equally great results.
Honey also is sure to show very satisfying results. You just need to combine honey and water, and warm it slightly in the microwave. Apply this warm mixture on your skin, and let it stay for a while. Now, wash your face with lukewarm water, and pat dry.
You may even make a mask combining honey and a little wheat germ. Apply this mask, and let it stay for about 10 minutes. Wash your face with warm water and then with cold water. Use this mask 2 – 3 times a week for few months.
Papaya is rich in papain, an enzyme, which can help lighten your freckles.
All you need to do is apply some fresh papaya juice on the affected parts of your skin with a cotton ball, and massaged it with light hands. Let the juice stay for about 10 minutes and then wash off with cold water. Follow this home remedy once each day for at least a few weeks, or until you are happy with the results.
Cucumber is known for its bleaching properties, and is a great home remedy to treat freckles. Together with helping you get rid of those spots, it can also help you gain a glowing complexion.
You simply need to slice some cucumber and place it on the affected area. Alternatively, you can also extract cucumber juice, and using a cotton ball apply it on your skin and allow it to stay for 10 – 15 minutes, and wash off with fresh water. Follow this remedy once a day, for at least a few weeks, to notice desired results.
These 5 home remedies are safe, will help fade away freckles, and that too without inviting any side effects. However, you need to be really patient and consistent. These natural methods are indeed effective, but do need some time to work, so allow it the time, and you will definitely love the results.